Smartphone untuk Pembelajaran di Kelas: Perspektif Mahasiswa dan Dosen pada Perguruan Tinggi

  • Rizki Setyo Nugroho Universitas Islam Indonesia
  • Teduh Dirgahayu Universitas Islam Indonesia
Keywords: education;, mobile learning;, smartphone

Abstract

Abstrak: Pemanfaatan smartphone dalam proses pembelajaran di perguruan tinggi dapat dipandang dari dua sisi yang bertolak belakang. Pada sisi positif, smartphone dapat mempermudah mahasiswa mengakses materi pembelajaran online. Pada sisi negatif, smartphone dianggap dapat mengganggu proses pembelajaran ketika mahasiswa menggunakannya untuk mengakses konten yang tak relevan. Perbedaan karakteristik generasi antara mahasiswa dan dosen menentukan pembentukan perspektif masing-masing terhadap pemanfaatan perangkat TI, khususnya smartphone, untuk pembelajaran di kelas. Penelitian ini berfokus pada program studi yang berkaitan dengan pemanfaatan smartphone dalam pembelajaran di kelas, dengan memperhatikan pengetahuan tentang mobile learning, fitur-fitur pada smartphone serta hambatan penguunaan smartphone untuk proses belajar. Hasil penelitian menunjukan pada Dosen terdapat perbedaan signifikan antara Program studi Ekonomi dengan pendidikan dan Konseling dalam menilai apakah smartphone dapat memotivasi Mahasiswa dalam belajar, dan juga perbedaan pandangan tentang penggunaan fitur menonton video untuk pembelajaran di kelas pada program studi Komputer dan Pendidikan. Pada mahasiswa terjadi perbedaan pandangan antara prodi Ekonomi dan Pendidikan dalam menilai apakah smartphone dapat menghemat waktu belajar. Dosen dan Mahasiswa yang kurang pengetahuan tentang teknologi cenderung akan merasa khawatir tentang penggunaan smartphone dalam pembelajaran di kelas.

Abstract: The use of smartphones in the learning process in higher education can be viewed from two opposing sides. On the positive side, smartphones can make it easier for students to access online learning materials. On the negative side, a smartphone is considered to be able to disrupt the learning process when students use it to access irrelevant content. The difference in generation characteristics between students and lecturers determines the formation of their respective perspectives on the use of IT devices, especially smartphones, for classroom learning. This research focuses on study programs related to the use of smartphones in classroom learning, taking into account the knowledge of mobile learning, features on smartphoen and barriers to the use of smartphones for learning. The results showed the lecturers there were significant differences between the Economics and Education study programs and counseling in assessing whether smartphones can motivate students to learn, and also differences in views about the use of video watching features for classroom learning in Computer and Education study programs. In students there are differences of views between Economics and Education study programs in assessing whether smartphones can save time studying. Lecturers and Students who lack knowledge about technology are likely to feel worried about using smartphones in classroom learning.

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Published
2020-07-10
Section
Articles